FIRO Element B (European English Edition 2004)

JCA (Occupational Psychologists) Ltd

Summary of Test Review

General description of Test



Test Review Summary

Test Name:FIRO Element B (European English Edition 2004)
Author of Original Test: W.Shutz
Local test distributor / publisher:JCA (Occupational Psychologists) Ltd
Team Focus Ltd
Date of Current Review:2005
Date of Publication of Current Review / Edition:01 Sep 2006
Type of Test:Interpersonal behaviours which the original author considered to be 'elements' rather than traits, these are amenable to change and as such lack the assumed stability of personality traits.
Main Area of Use:Work and Occupational
Counselling, Advice, Guidance, and Career Choice
Constructs Measured:The instrument consists of three scales:

Administration Mode:Interactive individual administration
Supervised Group administration
Computerised Web-based application - unsupervised/self-assessment
Response Mode:Paper and pencil
General Description of Test:The FIRO Element B questionnaire represents an extension of Shutz's original measure of fundamental interpersonal relations orientation (FIRO-B) developed in 1958. FIRO B was developed by Shutz as an attempt to provide a holistic means of helping people to understand themselves, their needs and their relationships. Choice, self-esteem, truth and openness are presented as fundamental to FIRO B’s framework. FIRO theory is that self-concept drives feelings, feelings drive behaviour and behaviour drives results. As Shutz's theory evolved he developed a range of instruments under the ‘Human Element’ banner and the Element B questionnaire relates to behaviour as distinct from self esteem or feelings. The main developments in Element B are the change of the Affection scale to a new scale of Openness and that each scale has four scores instead of the original two. This 2004 version of FIRO Element B is a self-report questionnaire of some 108 items, 10 of which have been updated to make the questionnaire more accessible and meaningful to speakers of European English as opposed to American English. The questionnaire can be completed in paper-and-pencil format or on-line. The paper version consists of a combined questionnaire booklet and self-carbonating answer sheet. The online version requires the administrator to register with JCA who provide a user identification and password for the candidate. A computer generated narrative report is forwarded to the administrator when the respondent has completed the questionnaire. In both cases, the respondent is presented with 108 statements. The response format is a 6-point scale from "disagree" to "agree" enabling the candidate to indicate their degree of endorsement of the statement. The questionnaire has three domains to measure relationship dynamics: inclusion, control and openness. - Inclusion is concerned with achieving the desired amount of contact with people - Control is concerned with achieving the desired amount of control over people - Openness is concerned with achieving just the desired amount of openness For each domain, the respondent receives four scores: "what I do", "what I want to do", "what I get" and "what I want to get". These are added to give an overall score for each domain. In addition the differences between the pairs of scores generate further scores.



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