Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation - Behaviour

The Myers-Briggs Company

Summary of Test Review

General description of Test


Test Review Summary

Test Name:Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation - Behaviour
Author of Original Test: William Schutz
Local test distributor / publisher:OPP Ltd
Date of Current Review:2003
Date of Publication of Current Review / Edition:13 Nov 2008
Type of Test:Personality - Trait
Main Area of Use:Work and Occupational
Counselling, Advice, Guidance, and Career Choice
Constructs Measured:Inclusion, Control, Affection
Administration Mode:N/A
Response Mode:Paper and pencil
General Description of Test:The FIRO-B was originally developed to help select compatible teams in the US Navy and was based on Schutz's (1958) theory of interpersonal relations. The assessment instrument is a 54-item questionnaire that is scored using a simple cardboard scoring key. Respondents choose one of six responses to each statement, and record the corresponding number (1-6) in a box next to each statement. For half the items the six point scale ranges from ’never’ to ‘usually’ and for the other half ranges from ’nobody’ to ‘most people’. The results describe self-perception in terms of three elements: 1 Inclusion: how much someone seeks contact with or includes people. 2 Control: how much they control or seek control from people. 3 Affection: how much they show affection towards people or seek affection from others. It does not describe the person’s style but rather the degree to which the person expresses these behaviours. The FIRO-B asks people not only how they think they behave but also how they want others to behave towards them in terms of the same three elements. Hence the questionnaire produces six main raw scores (expressed and wanted inclusion, expressed and wanted control, and expressed and wanted affection), which are recorded on the back of the questionnaire. There is a simple procedure for calculating the difference between the expressed and wanted behaviours. In this way an evaluation of a person’s interpersonal needs, compatibility with others, or need for change can be made. The European English Version of FIRO-B was published in 1997. The changes to FIRO-B that have been made since the original review was published go beyond the mere publication of a revised UK manual. In 1996, FIRO-B was ‘recalibrated’ and restandardised using data from a sample of the UK general population (n = 1392) collected by the Office of National Statistics. As a result, a new version of the FIRO-B was published which contains some modified items. There is also a new set of scoring keys and new reliability and construct validity data. (The following update notes relate to this new version of FIRO-B throughout.)


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