Hogan Development Survey (UK Edition)

Psychological Consultancy Ltd

Summary of Test Review

General description of Test



Test Review Summary

Test Name:Hogan Development Survey (UK Edition)
Author of Original Test: Robert Hogan and Joyce Hogan
Local test distributor / publisher:Psychological Consultancy Ltd
Date of Current Review:2003
Date of Publication of Current Review / Edition:2003
Type of Test:Personality - Trait
Main Area of Use:Work and Occupational
Constructs Measured:(11)
Enthusiastic - Volatile
Shrewd - Mistrustful
Careful - Cautious
Independent - Detached
Focused - Passive Aggressive
Confident - Arrogant
Charming - Manipulative
Vivacious - Dramatic
Imaginative - Eccentric
Diligent - Perfectionist
Dutiful - Dependent
Administration Mode:Interactive individual administration
Supervised Group administration
Response Mode:Paper and pencil
Computerised administration scoring, analysis and interpretation.
General Description of Test:The Hogan Development Survey (HDS) is a personality self-report questionnaire that is occupationally oriented and clinical/counselling oriented. It is a 168-item, multi-scale instrument designed to assess a variety of dysfunctional dispositions (11 in total) that occur in workplace settings. The 11 dispositional scales are also thought of as reflecting Karen Horney’s (1950) concepts of ‘moving away from people’, ‘moving against people’, and ‘moving towards people’. As such, the purpose of the instrument is to identify the extent to which individuals exhibit behavioural tendencies that run contrary to occupational adjustment and well being, with intended applications in the areas of training and development (its primary purpose), personnel selection decisions, and in the assessment of how individuals will function as members of a team. Each disposition is reported on a separate scale, as follows: (1) Enthusiastic -Volatile; (2) Shrewd - Mistrustful; (3) Careful - Cautious; (4) Independent - Detached; (5) Focused - Passive Aggressive; (6) Confident - Arrogant; (7) Charming - Manipulative; (8) Vivacious – Dramatic (9) Imaginative - Eccentric; (10) Diligent - Perfectionist; (11) Dutiful - Dependent. In addition, the instrument incorporates a Social Desirability Scale, in an effort to assist with the detection of motivational distortion. According to the technical manual, individuals are normally distributed along the 11 primary dimensions and a given person may have high or low scores on any of the scales. Each scale comprises a total of 14 dichotomous (agree = 1; disagree = 0) items. The various scales are intercorrelated with one another and factor analyses performed on the 11 primary scales suggest that these scales may be meaningfully combined in order to form three or four higher-order dimensions, roughly corresponding to the main themes contained in Horney’s (1950) model or flawed interpersonal tendencies. Administration is by means of a reusable questionnaire booklet in conjunction with an answer sheet, or alternatively, via computer, using the HDS software or on-line. The latter is a Windows-driven computer programme that enables users to score and interpret responses to the HDS, as well as providing an alternative mode of administration. Regardless of which mode of administration is adopted, scoring, which takes the form of computer-generated reports, requires the use of the HDS software. Three types of report can be generated through the HDS software: 1. Data Reports (providing individual item data, scale percentile scores and scale raw scores, depending on the option(s) selected); 2. Graphic Reports (which provide a general description of each scale, together with a graphic representation of the overall profile of the individual’s results and pointers for handling the feedback session); 3. Interpretive Reports (a more extensive report, comprising a mixture of graphical and narrative information, with pointers for feedback discussion in cases where particular scale scores exceed the 84th percentile). The HDS software also has a data management facility, which enables data to be imported and exported to/from the system, for example, in order to conduct further analyses using external statistical software/packages for research purposes. Data gathered through the paper-and-pencil mode of administration may be scored in one of two ways: 1. by keying responses from the answer sheet directly into a personal computer, via the HDS software; 2. via a ‘Mail In or Fax Scoring’ bureau system operated by the HDS distributor.

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