Kirton Adaption Innovation Inventory

Occupational Research Centre

Summary of Test Review

General description of Test


Test Review Summary

Test Name:Kirton Adaption Innovation Inventory
Author of Original Test: M. J. Kirton
Local test distributor / publisher:Occupational Research Centre
Date of Current Review:2003
Date of Publication of Current Review / Edition:04 Jul 2008
Type of Test:Personality - Trait
Main Area of Use:Work and Occupational
Constructs Measured:Sufficiency-Proliferation
Role/group conformity
Administration Mode:Interactive individual administration
Supervised Group administration
Computerised locally-installed application - supervised/proctored
Response Mode:Paper and pencil
General Description of Test:The KAI, a 33-item self-completion inventory, measures cognitive style on a bipolar continuum: from Adaptive style creativity to Innovative style creativity. More commonly, the dimension is referred to as Adaptor-Innovator. Those scoring at the Adaptor pole of the continuum approach problems within the given terms of reference, theories, policies and precedents, and strive to provide solutions which improve on the past. Those at the other pole of this continuum, Innovators, are held to detach the problem from customary solutions and are more likely to produce different and innovative solutions. Each of these styles is presumed to result in distinctive and very different patterns of behaviour, each of which is valuable in organisations. This bipolar construct is composed of three factor traits: 1. Sufficiency vs. Proliferation of originality (SO). Adaptors prefer the production of fewer original ideas which are seen as sound, useful and relevant, whereas Innovators prefer to generate large numbers of ideas, including some that break moulds and consensually accepted notions. 2. Efficiency (E). Adaptor efficiency is concerned with a preference for precision, reliability and efficiency, and also thoroughness, attention to detail and in-depth searching. Innovator efficiency is more liable to break paradigms, dispensing with more structure, detail and consensually approved order. 3. Role/group conformity (R). Adaptors have a preference for operating within rules, structures and consensus. Innovators see success more often achieved through the bending and breaking of rules. Respondents are asked how easy or difficult they find it to present himself or herself consistently as a particular type of person (e.g. a person who conforms; a person who is stimulating). Responses are made by marking a cross on a line of 17 dots, arranged equidistantly under the labels ‘Very hard’, ‘Hard’, ‘Easy’ and ‘Very easy’ (the midpoint is not labelled). The scoring system translates this into a score from 1 to 5 on each item.

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